The Threefold Social Order
This work, written late in the life of Rudolf Steiner, makes use of a threefold analysis of the human individual and of human society. Man as an individual or in a group functions basically in three modes: thinking/perceiving, feeling/valuing, and willing/planning/acting. A unit of functioning, whether a part of an individual or part of a society has its proper role. Each role needs a certain respect from other areas if it is to function properly. Each role should be appropriately related to the other two roles or functions. In society, the three partitions are: the cultural-spiritual, the production-economic, and the “sphere of rights” including legal rights. As the analysis unfolds, it may be noticed that there is seldom a “pure case” but there are various mixes with one aspect often predominataing. The manner in which the three aspects of society relate to the three aspects of the individual is a fascinating and intricate one, and one which has an important bearing on the future of human society.
This volume is a presentation of Steiner's central ideas on the
threefold nature of the social organism. Translation by Frederick C.
Heckel. Five Versions of this work have appeared in English translation,
each with its own title. All are complete except this one which is
abbreviated. The German language title is,
Die Kernpunkte der Sozialen Frage in den Lebensnotwendigkeiten
der Gegenwart und Zukunft.
(vol. 23 in the Bibliographic Survey).
In the social ferment of postwar Europe in 1919, Steiner presented his ideas about reforming the basis of society in three fundamental, autonomous spheres: economic, political/rights, and cultural. For a short time he worked to bring his ideas into practical application but it soon became impossible to bring about a “threefold social order” and he withdrew from the outer work in this area. His ideas have been worked with over the decades since that time and have proved to be just as valid today as they were then. This volume is a presentation of Steiner's central ideas on the threefold nature of the social organism. Translation by Frank Thomas Smith.
Mitten in die Nachkriegswirren Europas hinein stellte Steiner im
Jahre 1919 seine Ideen über eine radikale Reform des
sozialen Lebens. Grundidee dieser Reform war die Autonomie der
drei fundamentalen Bereiche Ökonomie, Politik/Justiz und
Geistesleben/Kultur. Für eine Weile arbeitete er auf die
praktische Realisierung dieser Ideen hin, aber schon bald wurde
klar, dass die sogenannte “Dreigliederung des sozialen
Organismus” noch nicht möglich war und Steiner zog
sich von der praktischen Arbeit in diesem Bereich zurück.
Seine Ideen jedoch waren in den folgenden Jahrzehnten
überaus einflussreich und scheinen heute noch genauso
Geltung zu haben wie damals.